The auto industry is asking for more attention to e-Fuels. Electric is not enough

Anfia, Anigas, Assogasliquidi, Assogasmetano, Confapi, Federmetano, NGV Italy and Unem they jointly signed a letter that they sent to the Italian government in which substantially greater attention is asked to the role that renewable and low-carbon liquid and gaseous fuels can give in the decarbonisation of the transport sector. Basically, the transition for the auto industry it cannot rely solely on the electric.

We would like to highlight once again and jointly the enormous contribution that vehicles with internal combustion engines fueled with renewable fuels and low carbon content, together with the development of electric mobility, can make for the achievement of the challenging decarbonisation targets of the sector. transport, both at national and European level.

The associations representing the automotive sector highlight in their letter that the European car and commercial vehicle fleet by 2030 it will still be made up of over 70% of vehicles equipped with internal combustion engines, especially in the heavy transport sector. Therefore, for associations, together with the development of an ecosystem for electric mobility, it is necessary to support “a European strategy for renewable and low-carbon fuels to ensure that the major decarbonisation contribution required of the road transport sector can be effectively achieved“.

The signatories of the letter then highlight that the complexity of the energy transition of the vehicle fleet, both at the Italian and at the European level, it cannot rely solely on technology that is not yet mature.

But the complexity of these challenges and of the revolutions that derive from the energy transition, leads us to strongly reiterate the impossibility of considering everything solvable with the contribution of a single technology, among other things still evolving from the point of view of development. technological and not yet mature at the market ecosystem level in almost any European country.

The associations then warn about risks for the industrial fabric of an excessively rapid transition that focuses solely on the electric. In particular, according to the associations representing the automotive sector, there will be significant damage on the economic and employment front, from the banning of endothermic engines in 2035, as proposed by the European Commission, in the various manufacturing countries with an automotive vocation.

The most recent study by CLEPA (association of European automotive component manufacturers) underlines that Italy is the country with the least resilience and risks losing approximately 73,000 jobs by 2040, of which 67,000 already in the period 2025-2030. These are losses that the new professionals linked to the development of electric mobility will not be enough to compensate.

The signatories of the letter to the Government then also point the finger on the methodologies chosen by the European Commission for the evaluation of the real impacts due to road transport. In this regard, the associations propose to use the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) which includes in the analysis the manufacturing and end-of-life processes of the vehicle and of the individual fuels or the Wellto-Wheel, for the assessment of CO2eq emissions savings. of the different energy carriers, or mechanisms such as the “crediting system” that take into account the additional environmental benefits of “renewable and low carbon fuels”.

These are all solutions that if adopted in European regulations would favor the development of renewable and low-carbon liquid and gaseous fuels, absolutely necessary to immediately contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in road transport.

In conclusion, the trade associations, making themselves available to collaborate on the Italian strategy to achieve the European objectives by enhancing the country’s industry, affirm:

An inclusive, neutral, clear and stable legislative and regulatory framework, deriving from a decarbonization strategy not only based on electrification, but open to a variety of technologies, we are sure that it will also bring significant social benefits and positive employment implications.

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