The United States presses on the accelerator and they want to go back to the moon on schedule, ie by 2025. The pandemic (and not only that) has slowed down plans, but now with the round of investments requested by President Joe Biden, the intention is to give new life to the project. I’m 26 billion dollars that the American space agency will receive in the course of 20232 more than those of 2022. If the budget is finally approved, the Moon it will be a little closer.
7.5 billion dollars will in fact go to the Artemis project, and in particular will be allocated to the development of the Space Launch System, of Orion (the capsule for the crew) and of the lander, the latter object of the clash between SpaceX and Blue Origin which it slowed down the design phase last year. And it is precisely on this last aspect that NASA has been working in recent weeks, being looking for a second supplier to work alongside Elon Musk’s company. The total fund dedicated to the lander is 1.5 billion dollars.
I’m 26 billion dollars of total investment for 2023. This figure will be divided into:
- deep space exploration systems: $ 7.478 billion (Artemis)
- space operations: $ 4.266 billion
- technology: $ 1.438 billion
- science: $ 7.988 billion
- aeronautical research: $ 972 million
- security: $ 3.633 billion
- collaborations with students: 150 million dollars
Within these items are worthy of mention:
- 1.49 billion dollars: lunar lander.
- 779 million dollars: Lunar Gateway, the lunar orbital station that will be built thanks to the collaboration between NASA and ESA. It will be the “support point” for missions on the lunar soil, its construction will start – hopefully – in 2024.
- 486 million dollars: lunar missions with robots to study the surface of the satellite. An example above all is Viper, a rover that will arrive on the moon next year.
- $ 224 million: Projects for new commercial (private) space stations in low Earth orbit to replace the current ISS. His life was recently elongated until 2030, but the conflict in Ukraine is jeopardizing the collaboration between NASA, ESA, JAXA and CSA on the one hand and Roscosmos on the other – complete with threats from the Russian agency aimed at partners.
- $ 1.4 billion: research and development on new technologies that allow the space industry to grow and reduce costs
- $ 15 million: space debris research
- 8 billion dollars: science and research, of which 2.4 billion for earth science and the study of climate change through satellite systems.
- 500 million dollars: reduction of the climate impact of aviation
- $ 822 million: Mars sample recovery. NASA, Lockheed Martin and ESA are working to develop vehicles capable of transporting the rocks of the red planet to Earth.