The car fleet in Italy it continues to get older and, therefore, more and more polluting. This is what emerges from the new Book 2021 published by UNRAE. At the end of 2021, about 38.8 million cars. If in 2009 the average age was 7.9 years, it has progressively increased to current 11.8 years. 26.2% of the cars in circulation are before Euro 4.
Andrea CardinaliDirector General of UNRAE, tells how, in recent years, there has been a progressive aging of the fleet due to various factors including the economic crises of the years 2008, 2012-2013 and 2020 which led to a weakness of the market, with negative effects on citizens’ health and the environment.
With this renewal rate it would take 26 years to replace it all, therefore targeted interventions are needed to accelerate the decarbonisation process and support the ecological transition.
The commercial vehicle fleet is also getting older. UNRAE reports that out of 4,125,000 commercial vehicles in circulation, over 43% are before Euro 4 and more than 53% of the 709,000 industrial vehicles> 3.5t. The bus fleet is also very old. The average age is 12.
UNRAE’s analysis highlights that, although the registrations of petrol and diesel cars are in sharp declinethese two categories with over 34.5 million units together account for the 90% of the fleet in circulation on Italian roads. Unfortunately, as we saw at the beginning, 26.4% is before Euro 4. This means that these cars are over 15 years old. The number of electric cars and plug-ins which went from 17,185 units in 2019 to 136,311 units in 2021, but which, despite reaching a share of 9.4% of the total, lag behind the average of 20% of the other 4 major European markets and very far from the 26% of Germany , by 18.6% in the United Kingdom and by 18.3% in France.
UNRAE also analyzes from an economic point of view the effects of the last crisis. The support for the auto market and the recovery of 2021 allowed the sector’s turnover to increase to 36.3 billion euros, in any case well below the 42.6 billion in 2019. Consequently, VAT revenue also rose to 6 billion. , 6 billion, but the Treasury has lost over one billion euros compared to the revenue of 7.7 billion in 2019.
Speaking of the prospects of 2022 for the automotive sector, UNRAE highlights that the negative impacts of geopolitical tensions and of the conflict in Ukraine, in addition to the critical issues related to the availability of components, pre-existing but aggravated by the current international situation. Support may come through the funds currently available or those made available to support the need for renewal of one of the oldest circulating parks in Europe.